From the excavations on the Southern Terrace, Vardarski Rid
AMFAKSITIDA – an old Macedonian area that covered the narrow belt along both sides of the lower course of the river Vardar, from the Demir Kapija gorge to the Aegean Sea. At the time of Philip Ⅴ (Ⅱ BC), Ampaxitide is one of the five areas that in Thessalonica coin silver and copper coins. According to Homer, in the time of the Trojan War this area was the central Paionian territory from which (from the city of Amidon) the Paionians went to defend Troy. In iron time, especially in Ⅶ and Ⅵ c. BCE, an extremely strong local cultural group was created in this area with a center in the Valandovo-Gevgelija region, known as Dolnovardarna or Gevgelija group. Since then, the necropolis dates back to: De-Delhi – Valandovo, Zeleniste – Valandovo, Lisichin Dol – Marvinci, Bishov Javor – Smokvica, Suva Reka – Gevgelija, Milci – Gevgelija, as well as some necropolises on today's Greek side (Chaushica, Bohemica etc. .). According to Herodotus, in Ⅵ c. BC this area was still known as the Paionian country. Already vvvv. BC Tukidid mentions Amphaxitida as a Macedonian area with the excavations on the Southern Terrace, the Vardarski Rid of the towns (Idomene, Gortinia, Europ and Atalante), which were found on the way of the campaign of the Thracian military leader Sitalk in Macedonia (429 BC. e.g.). The numerous archaeological remains of urban settlements from the pre-Roman times of Isar-Marvinci, Vardarski Rid-Gevgelija and the surroundings of Kukush refer to the possibility of their identification with the old Macedonian cities Idomene, Gortinia and Europ. LIT: Thucydides, 4 vols., Harvard Univision Press, 1958; F. Papazoglu, Macedonian Cities in the Roman Age, Skopje, 1957; V. Sokolovska, Isar Marvinci and Povardarie in Ancient Time, Skopje, 1986; I. Mikulcic, Ancient Cities in Macedonia, Skopje, 2003; group of authors, Vardarski Rid, Skopje, 2005. M. and A. Shuk.
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