Alexander the Macedonian ALEXANDER Ⅲ Македонски


ALEXANDER Ⅲ Македонски

ALEKSANDAR Ⅲ Macedonian (Great) (Shale'dzhandros G; Alejeander Magnus) (Pella, 356 BC – Babylon, 13 Ⅵ 323 BCE) – Macedonian king (336-323 ex. AD) from the Argead dynasty, the son of Philip II and the Olympics, the daughter of the young ruler Neo-Lotus. The Romans give him the nickname "Magnus" – "The Great Conqueror of the World". Educated in the spirit of Alexander Ⅲ Macedonian (Great) Macedonian aristocratic tradition; at the age of 13, is taught by the philosopher Aristotle in the small place of Miesa (near Beroea); his education includes: poetry, astronomy, geometry, rhetoric / ethics, competition in gymnastic exercises, horse riding and hunting. At the age of 16, Philip entrusts the management of Macedonia (340) while he is on a campaign against Bizantion. The first military campaign is against the Mayis (the tribe of the upper stream of the River Strymon), winning the first victory and establishing the city of Alexandroupolis here. At the age of 18, he participates in the glorious battle of Heyroneja (338) and together with his father Philip conquer the combined forces of the Hellenes. After the murder of Philip (336) the Macedonian Assembly proclaimed the map of the conquests of Alexander Ⅲ Macedonian Alexander Ⅲ in battle with the Persians (relief) as the ruler of Macedonia. The first military action is aimed at Hellenic policies that try to overthrow the Macedonian government and force them to respect the Corinthian treaty, under which he inherits the title "Hellenic Hellenes". In the expedition (335) defeats the tribals and their allies the Gites, then the Illyrian tribes, and then descends from the Illyrian territory to Hellada, where an anti-Macedonian uprising (instigated by Demosthenes), with a hotspot in Thebes again erupts; defeats the Thebans, and Athens accepts the offered peace deal. In 334 BCE starts a campaign against Persia with 40,000 soldiers and 1,600 warships; in Asia Minor penetrates through the Hellespont, near Sest; the first military conflict with the Persian army occurs at the r. Proton's borders (334). Victory opens the path for further breakthrough; the leader city of Sardia is taught without struggle, and then the cities of Ayodlid and of Jonius, among which is Ephesus, where he is welcomed as a liberator of Persian slavery; only Milet and Halicarnas resist (334). After these conquests, the army divides into two parts: the one part, headed by Parmenion, is to surrender to Sardis, and the other starts a campaign through Caria, Lycia and Pamphylia, conquering all the cities and fortresses. In 333 BC the whole army is assembled in Gordion, the capital of the Friars Kings (Gordian and Midas), where, according to one legend, Alexander cuts the knotless knot of the yoke of King Midas with the sword, fulfilling the prophecy that he will rule with Asia. In the conquered territories, most often retains the existing administrative system: satrapies – basic administrative units with satrap, and most often Persians, have civil and military power (except in Lydia, where a Macedonian is placed), while the financial power is run by Macedonians; the Macedonian army controls the conquered territory. The first battle with the "Great King" Darius III occurs at Isos (333), where the army of Alexandria wins, and Darius escapes from the battlefield. In Phenicia he conquered the fortified city of Tire and Grah. Gaza. In Egypt he was welcomed as a liberator and was named Pharaoh; in Memphis, Egyptian priests give the double crown to the Egyptian pharaohs; the delta of the river. Neil founded (331) g. Alexandria (the territory of the city is drawn with barley flour (according to the ancient Macedonian custom). Through Syria enters the northern Mesopotamia, with Gaghamela (331) won the great Persian army, proclaims king of Asia and enters the emperor in the ancient the city of Babylon, the main center of the Persian Empire, conquered the second Persian capital of Susa, and then the city of Ekbatana .The pursued after the Persian emperor ends at Hekantopil, where he finds the dead body of Darius Ⅲ Kodoman, killed by the Persian satrap Bes. Tsarsk Alexander, the new Persian king, continues to the north to Hircan and Party, areas to the south of the Caspian Sea. From 330 to 327 BC, he resides in Bactria and Sogdiana. women with one of the most beautiful women, Iranian Roxana, who, after his death, gives birth to son Alexander IV. In India's expedition to the Hidasp, he leads the last great battle with the king of Punjab-Por (326) After the great victory, the kingdom also accompanies the countries on the other side of the Indus; on the place of victory founded the city. Nikaya (Victory), and nearby it builds gr. called Bucephala (in memory of its famous Bucephalus horse). On the banks of the river. Hifatas raises twelve altars of the gods and a pillar, which read: "Alexander stood here". On return, on the banks of the Indus, founded a new Alexandria (one of the 17 Alexandria). On the shores of the Indian Ocean, the army of Alexandria is divided into two parts, the one part under the leadership of Alexander, moving by land, and the other, under the guidance of Nehar, sails for 80 days. In 324 the whole Macedonian army is gathered in Susa, where it organizes a celebration in honor of the "Great Holy Wedding": 10.000 Macedonians are married with Persians; among them Alexander himself, who married the daughters of Darius, Brassida and Parisatidis, and with the smallest daughter of Artartxers, Ohos. He plans further trips, much more exploratory than winning: a maritime voyage around the Arabian Peninsula to Carthage and the islands of Heracle (or Melkart), the oldest strait between Europe and Africa (Gibraltar Day). The plans die with his death. He remains remembered as the world's greatest military commander and unbeatable warrior, creator of the new world, of the new epoch, of the new order. LIT: Plutarch, Alejandra, Loeb Clyssalal Libras, Harvard University Press, 1959; Curtius Rufus, De Rebus Gestis Alegrid Macadonis vol. And, Parisis, 1822; NJ. L. Adams and E. N. Borza, Phylip Ⅱ, Alejandra the Greater and the Mexican Heritage, Nashhington, D. C., 1982; F. Papazoglu, History of the Hellenic period, Skopje, 1995; J. N. Borza, In the shadow of Olympus, Skopje, 2004; P. Bose, Alejandra The Greater, London, 2003; Arian, Alexandra Anabas. Prev. M. Buzalkova, Skopje, 2000; Quintus Curtius Rufus, History of Alexander the Great. Prev. Lj. Basotova, Skopje, 1998. A. Shuk.

ALEKSANDAR Ⅲ Macedonian (Great) (Shale'dzhandros G; Alejeander Magnus) (Pella, 356 BC – Babylon, 13 Ⅵ 323 BCE) – Macedonian king (336-323 ex. AD) from the Argead dynasty, the son of Philip II and the Olympics, the daughter of the young ruler Neo-Lotus. The Romans give him the nickname "Magnus" – "The Great Conqueror of the World". Educated in the spirit of Alexander Ⅲ Macedonian (Great) Macedonian aristocratic tradition; at the age of 13, is taught by the philosopher Aristotle in the small place of Miesa (near Beroea); his education includes: poetry, astronomy, geometry, rhetoric / ethics, competition in gymnastic exercises, horse riding and hunting. At the age of 16, Philip entrusts the management of Macedonia (340) while he is on a campaign against Bizantion. The first military campaign is against the Mayis (the tribe of the upper stream of the River Strymon), winning the first victory and establishing the city of Alexandroupolis here. At the age of 18, he participates in the glorious battle of Heyroneja (338) and together with his father Philip conquer the combined forces of the Hellenes. After the murder of Philip (336) the Macedonian Assembly proclaimed the map of the conquests of Alexander Ⅲ Macedonian Alexander Ⅲ in battle with the Persians (relief) as the ruler of Macedonia. The first military action is aimed at Hellenic policies that try to overthrow the Macedonian government and force them to respect the Corinthian treaty, under which he inherits the title "Hellenic Hellenes". In the expedition (335) defeats the tribals and their allies the Gites, then the Illyrian tribes, and then descends from the Illyrian territory to Hellada, where an anti-Macedonian uprising (instigated by Demosthenes), with a hotspot in Thebes again erupts; defeats the Thebans, and Athens accepts the offered peace deal. In 334 BCE starts a campaign against Persia with 40,000 soldiers and 1,600 warships; in Asia Minor penetrates through the Hellespont, near Sest; the first military conflict with the Persian army occurs at the r. Proton's borders (334). Victory opens the path for further breakthrough; the leader city of Sardia is taught without struggle, and then the cities of Ayodlid and of Jonius, among which is Ephesus, where he is welcomed as a liberator of Persian slavery; only Milet and Halicarnas resist (334). After these conquests, the army divides into two parts: the one part, headed by Parmenion, is to surrender to Sardis, and the other starts a campaign through Caria, Lycia and Pamphylia, conquering all the cities and fortresses. In 333 BC the whole army is assembled in Gordion, the capital of the Friars Kings (Gordian and Midas), where, according to one legend, Alexander cuts the knotless knot of the yoke of King Midas with the sword, fulfilling the prophecy that he will rule with Asia. In the conquered territories, most often retains the existing administrative system: satrapies – basic administrative units with satrap, and most often Persians, have civil and military power (except in Lydia, where a Macedonian is placed), while the financial power is run by Macedonians; the Macedonian army controls the conquered territory. The first battle with the "Great King" Darius III occurs at Isos (333), where the army of Alexandria wins, and Darius escapes from the battlefield. In Phenicia he conquered the fortified city of Tire and Grah. Gaza. In Egypt he was welcomed as a liberator and was named Pharaoh; in Memphis, Egyptian priests give the double crown to the Egyptian pharaohs; the delta of the river. Neil founded (331) g. Alexandria (the territory of the city is drawn with barley flour (according to the ancient Macedonian custom). Through Syria enters the northern Mesopotamia, with Gaghamela (331) won the great Persian army, proclaims king of Asia and enters the emperor in the ancient the city of Babylon, the main center of the Persian Empire, conquered the second Persian capital of Susa, and then the city of Ekbatana .The pursued after the Persian emperor ends at Hekantopil, where he finds the dead body of Darius Ⅲ Kodoman, killed by the Persian satrap Bes. Tsarsk Alexander, the new Persian king, continues to the north to Hircan and Party, areas to the south of the Caspian Sea. From 330 to 327 BC, he resides in Bactria and Sogdiana. women with one of the most beautiful women, Iranian Roxana, who, after his death, gives birth to son Alexander IV. In India's expedition to the Hidasp, he leads the last great battle with the king of Punjab-Por (326) After the great victory, the kingdom also accompanies the countries on the other side of the Indus; on the place of victory founded the city. Nikaya (Victory), and nearby it builds gr. called Bucephala (in memory of its famous Bucephalus horse). On the banks of the river. Hifatas raises twelve altars of the gods and a pillar, which read: "Alexander stood here". On return, on the banks of the Indus, founded a new Alexandria (one of the 17 Alexandria). On the shores of the Indian Ocean, the army of Alexandria is divided into two parts, the one part under the leadership of Alexander, moving by land, and the other, under the guidance of Nehar, sails for 80 days. In 324 the whole Macedonian army is gathered in Susa, where it organizes a celebration in honor of the "Great Holy Wedding": 10.000 Macedonians are married with Persians; among them Alexander himself, who married the daughters of Darius, Brassida and Parisatidis, and with the smallest daughter of Artartxers, Ohos. He plans further trips, much more exploratory than winning: a maritime voyage around the Arabian Peninsula to Carthage and the islands of Heracle (or Melkart), the oldest strait between Europe and Africa (Gibraltar Day). The plans die with his death. He remains remembered as the world's greatest military commander and unbeatable warrior, creator of the new world, of the new epoch, of the new order. LIT: Plutarch, Alejandra, Loeb Clyssalal Libras, Harvard University Press, 1959; Curtius Rufus, De Rebus Gestis Alegrid Macadonis vol. And, Parisis, 1822; NJ. L. Adams and E. N. Borza, Phylip Ⅱ, Alejandra the Greater and the Mexican Heritage, Nashhington, D. C., 1982; F. Papazoglu, History of the Hellenic period, Skopje, 1995; J. N. Borza, In the shadow of Olympus, Skopje, 2004; P. Bose, Alejandra The Greater, London, 2003; Arian, Alexandra Anabas. Prev. M. Buzalkova, Skopje, 2000; Quintus Curtius Rufus, History of Alexander the Great. Prev. Lj. Basotova, Skopje, 1998. A. Shuk.



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