AGROINDUSTRY


AGROINDUSTRIA – mutual connection of the primary agricultural production and processing industry of agricultural products. Agricultural production (crop production and animal husbandry) is the basis for the development of several processing industries, which make it so-called. agroindustrial complex. These include: the food industry, the production of beverages, the production of feed and the tobacco and cigarette industry. These industries have a strong impact on the development of primary agricultural production. Historically, the food industry in Macedonia dragged its roots before the Second World War, when most of the processing of agricultural products was carried out in the village households themselves. After the Second World War, these industries successively took over the newly built industrial facilities. Today, the range of food industry has about 120 products. In the production of beverages, since the Second World War, only beer production was inherited, while more recently this industry has completely taken over the production of other types of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. The production of hot alcoholic beverages of 5,090 hl during 1947 rose to 10,548 hrn in 2005, while beer production increased from 50,000 hl to about 720,000 hl in the same period. The industrial production of animal feed had no major development tendency, which can not be said for the processing of tobacco. Before World War II, processing of tobacco was carried out in industrial warehouses, like mere manipulation. After the Second World War, it was technologically advanced with full fermentation. The production of fermented tobacco increased from 10,742 tons during 1947, to 31,962 tons in 1983, in 2005. to be reduced to 15,904 tons. There was no factory production of cigarettes before the Second World War. The production of cigarettes of 890 million pieces during 1947. grew to 14,030 million pieces in 1983, and in 2005 decreased to 5.793 million pieces. The Republic of Macedonia has a relatively large number of processing industry capacities. Most of them were built before the independence of the state and were basically intended for the market of the former SFRY. Most of them today exceed the domestic production of raw materials (oil, sugar, tobacco, etc.). After the independence of the country, market constraints, low investment activity and high depreciation of the existing physical capital, contributed to further reduction of their utilization. LIT: Strategy for Agricultural Development in the Republic of Macedonia until 2005, MANU, Skopje, 117-119; N. Uzunov, Economy of the Republic of Macedonia, 1945-1990, MANU, Skopje, 2001, 333-340; State Statistical Office, Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 1955-2006. D. E.



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