AGROECOLOGY


AGROECOLOGY (st. Hgr. Az – niva; o "kAz – environment, silver
a teaching discipline that studies the interrelationships of living organisms (plant and animal), on the one hand, and the environment (ambient) in agriculture, on the other. More precise definition is Molnar (1995): "Agroecology studies the laws on which the agricultural production is based on the common life, maintenance and production activity of cultural plants and domestic animals." Agroecology, as well as ecology as a whole, comprises two basic components: agrobutotopes and agrobiocenoses, which are connected in one system: agroecosystem. Agrobiotypes are characterized by more or less equal physical and chemical components (climate, relief, petrography, hydrography, soils, etc.) in certain territorial units, in which the life functions of certain assortments of agricultural production are taking place. Agrobiocenoses represent the assortments of living organisms (species, varieties, hybrids, races) that, together with spontaneous organisms (weeds, pests, diseases), are grown in separate agrobiotics. Among the two components, the processes of exchange of substances and energy flow are integrally integrated, so that the connection of the agrobiotypes with agrobiotopes functions as a single system – an agroecosystem (in the free nature
– ecosystem). The Republic of Macedonia with its geographical location, climatic conditions, relief, hydrography, hydrology, petrography, soils, etc., is distinguished by a number of agrobutotopes, which enable productive functionality



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