ABANISH


ABACIOSTVO (turkish abacilli, from ar.) – craft for the production of aba, a thick woolen fabric from which mainly men's clothing was made. In Macedonia, it was especially developed towards the end of ⅩⅤⅠⅠⅠ and early ⅩⅠⅩ v., As one of the most significant activities of the Macedonian craftsmanship. His development was closely related to the development of livestock breeding, and a special sweep took root after the introduction of the regular Turkish army (1826), since military uniforms were made from the aba. The Macedonian Ababa was also exported to markets in other Balkan countries, and through the Emperor-city and Asia Minor (especially in Anatolia), and also in Africa (Alexandria) and India. In the third and fourth decade of ⅩⅠⅩ c. the first manufactory workshops for the aba appeared. However, in the last decades of the century, with the rivalry of hats and cloths from the Western countries and the neglect of the people at the expense of European modern clothing, the decline began to fall sharply. Such craftsmen are gone. Abajj tradition is retained in the surnames of some families. LIT: P. Tashkov, History ® to our craftsmanship after liberation, Sofia 1922; St. Hinkov, Consecration in Bulgaria, Sofia, 1926. Ml.



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